Bavarian Engine Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Chinese translation: BMW) Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft (OTCMKT: BMWYY, FWB: BMW) was founded in 1916 and is headquartered in Munich, Germany, with 133,778 full-time employees. It is a world-renowned automobile, motorcycle and Engine manufacturer.
Bavarian Engine Manufacturing Plant (BMW) Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMWYY):
Bavarian Engine Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (generally called “BMW” in Taiwan and “BMW” in mainland China) is a German multinational manufacturer of luxury cars, motorcycles and engines, headquartered in Munich, Bavaria, Germany. BMW is often nicknamed Bimmer.
In addition to selling various cars and motorcycles under the brand name “BMW”, the BMW Group has also acquired a number of foreign automobile companies. At present, the BMW Group is the owner of the three brands BMW, MINI and Rolls-Royce . BMW often joins Audi and Mercedes as the top three luxury car manufacturers in Germany. Its logo is also made from the concept of the three major elements of nature.
Before 1992, BMW was not called BMW in China, but was translated as “Bayier”. This is because the full name of BMW is “Bayerische Motoren Werke AG”. Although BMW had a reputation abroad at that time, the Chinese were still very unfamiliar with this car brand.
Later, the company changed its Chinese name to BMW, which attracted consumers’ attention and sales gradually expanded. “The name BMW highlights the noble and luxurious temperament of BMW’s car series, and is integrated with the traditional Chinese appellation. At the same time, the pronunciation is not much different from BMW.” BMW’s Chinese executives once explained the origin of the name “BMW”.
Bavarian Engine Manufacturing Plant (BMW) Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMWYY) car series:
- 1 Series (1er-Reihe, 1 Series): The car is code-named F20, launched in 2011, a small five-door hatchback. (Three-door version F21)
- 2 Series (2er-Reihe, 2 Series): The car series code-named F22, launched in 2014, a small two-door hardtop sports car series, replacing the original 1 series hardtop sports car and roadster.
- 3 Series (3er-Reihe, 3 Series): The car is code-named F30. It was launched in 2012. It is a small executive-class sedan, five-door hatchback (F34) and derivative five-door station wagon (Touring, F31).
- 4 Series (4er-Reihe, 4 Series): The car series code-named F32, launched in 2014, a small executive-level two-door hardtop sports car series and two-door roadster F33, replacing the original 3 series hardtop sports car and roadster.
- 5 Series (5er-Reihe, 5 Series): The model code-named G30, launched in 2017.
- 6 Series (6er-Reihe, 6 Series): medium and large coupe series, including two-door coupe (car series code F13, listed in 2011), two-door convertible sports car (car series code F12, listed in 2011), four There are three types of coupe (model code F06, listed in 2011).
- 7 Series (7er-Reihe, 7 Series): Large luxury RV series, launched in 2015, with short wheelbase (car code G11) and long wheelbase (car code G12).
- Z4: Model code E89, launched in 2009, a small two-door two-seater roadster.
- X1: The model code is F48. It will be launched in 2015. It is a small SUV.
- X3: The car is code-named F25, launched in 2010, a small five-door RV series.
- X4: A series of small five-door crossover SUVs newly added in 2014, equipped with gasoline and diesel straight four or straight six engines with displacements ranging from 2.0 to 3.5 liters and equipped with twin turbochargers.
- X5: The car is code-named F15. It will be launched in 2014. It is a medium-sized five-door SUV.
- X6: The car is code-named F16. It will be launched in 2015. It is a crossover SUV and sport utility vehicle.
- 3 Series GT (3er-Gran Turismo, 3 Series Gran Turismo): The model code-named F34, launched in 2013, is a small hybrid sports car and a new crossover SUV.
- 5 Series GT (5er-Gran Turismo, 5 Series Gran Turismo): The car is code-named F07. It was launched in 2010. It is a new type of mid-sized hybrid sports car and SUV.
- Concept car: The model Gina, not yet on the market, is a new concept car developed by BMW and covered with a special fiber fabric designed by BMW.
- Hybrid electric vehicle: Efficient Dynamics, which is not on the market, is manufactured to meet modern fuel-efficient trends.
BMW M car series:
The M car series is a family of high-performance vehicles under the BMW Group. It is designed and produced by BMW M GmbH, a subsidiary of the BMW Group (BMW M GmbH, which was originally the BMW M department before its independent establishment), except for a few special exceptions. , M car series products are mostly based on BMW’s original car models, plus high-performance engines, transmission systems, aerodynamic kits and other performance version parts and adjustments specially developed by M company After that, the independent high-performance version. In addition to the high-performance models produced by the entire vehicle, M company is also responsible for the development and manufacture of high-performance after-sales retrofit kits for BMW’s various car series.
The current M car series products include:
- Z4 M Roadster/M Coupé
- X5 M
- X6 M
BMW i car series:
Bavarian Engine Manufacturing Plant (BMW) Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMWYY) history:
- In 1913, the founder of BMW, Karl Friedrich Rapp, set up Rapp-Motorenwerke (Rapp-Motorenwerke) in a factory building in the suburbs of Munich that was originally used to manufacture bicycles. Made with engines. In the same year, Gustav Otto also founded the Gustav Otto Flugmaschinenfabrik nearby. Gustav Otto is in fact the famous Nicholas Otto. The son of Nikolaus August Otto, the inventor of the four-stroke gasoline engine (Otto cycle engine).
- Gustav Otto later established a joint venture with someone to establish the Bavarian Aircraft Factory on March 7, 1916, and merged his three-year factory into this new factory. In the same year, Rapp also received funding from the bankers Camillo Castiglioni and Max Friz to significantly expand the scale. However, due to evaluation errors, excessive expansion led to poor operations, which led to the Pu left sadly in 1917. His partner approached the Austrian financier Franz-Josef Popp to take over the business of the engine factory, and on July 20, 1917, the factory was renamed Bavarian Engine Manufacturing Co., Ltd. ( Bayerische Motoren Werke GmbH, abbreviated as BMW), with Papp as the first president. During the First World War, BMW, as a munitions supplier, set up a large factory near Oberwiesenfeld (Oberwiesenfeld) military airport on the outskirts of Munich and continued to manufacture military aircraft engines for the military until 1918.
- In 1918, the First World War ended. According to the Versailles Treaty, the manufacture of aircraft was banned in Germany, which severely hit the growing German aviation industry and forced BMW to switch to manufacturing brakes for railways and began to develop motorcycles. The engine is the first step in building a car.
- On August 13, 1918, BMW was restructured into a publicly-listed joint-stock company (BMW AG), which established the scale of the company that has flourished since then.
- In 1920, the M2 B 15 engine designed by Martin Stolle became the first motorcycle engine produced by BMW. In 1923, Fritz designed the R32 motorcycle with a displacement of 500 cc. It is different from the previous motorcycle products of the factory that were designed with chain transmission. The R32 was the first BMW motorcycle with shaft transmission. Since its beginning, the shaft drive design has become one of the most well-known characteristics of BMW motorcycles, and we can still see this design on the R series motorcycles of the factory. BMW used the blue and white checkered flag emblem on the R32 for the first time, which represents Bavaria, and it is still in use today. On September 19, 1929, motorcyclist Ernst Henne rode a new BMW motorcycle with a displacement of 750 cc. and set a world record of 216.75km/h in Munich. After that, he continued to break the world high-speed record many times. Among them, the 279.5km/h set in 1937 was the most astonishing. The record was kept for 12 consecutive years before anyone broke it.
- In 1922, BMW merged with BFW and became the BMW we are familiar with today. But when tracing the company’s history, the company’s official statement is based on the time of BFW’s founding, which is March 7, 1916 as BMW’s founding day.
- BMW’s first aero engine work was the Type IIIa, which was put into production in 1917. This was a water-cooled inline six-cylinder engine that used a high-altitude carburetor developed by one of the company’s partners, Fritz. The maximum output of the engine can also be exerted in high altitude environments. In 1919, BMW installed a Type IV inline six-cylinder engine produced by the factory on a DFW biplane, piloted by Franz Zeno Diemer in the Munich Olympic Park (today The altitude record of 9,760 meters above the BMW headquarters.
- In 1927, the Eisenach Depot in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany, was authorized by the British Austin (Austin) Depot, and began to manufacture the German version of the famous Austin 7 model of the plant. Dixi brand sales. The following year, BMW acquired the plant at a price of 16 million marks, and thus obtained the production rights for the Dixi 3/15 PS car, which became the plant’s first car product. This car was launched as an improved version of DA2 after being modified by BMW. DA means “Deutsche Ausführung” (Made in Germany). After its debut, it was highly praised and sold 18,976 units in a production period of about three years. Much.
- As for the 3/20 PS (also known as AM 4, Ausführung München 4 Gange, meaning “Munich production, four-speed transmission”) that debuted in 1932, it was the first BMW self-made car product. This car modified from Dixi is equipped with a 782 cc. inline four-cylinder engine, with a maximum horsepower output of 20hp/3500rpm, and a top speed of about 80km/h, and it was in the elegant car show held in Baden-Baden in the same year. (Concours d’Elegance) won.
- The BMW 303, which debuted in 1933, is truly the most important and representative car. It created two traditions that BMW has maintained to this day. First, it is BMW’s first car equipped with an in-line six-cylinder engine. Second, the car uses the famous “double kidney” radiator grille shape in the front part of the car for the first time. The styling has also been modified many times, but the basic styling tone has not changed until today.
- In October 1952, BMW finally put into production after the war. The car manufactured was a pre-war 501 series four-door touring car. The pre-war 6-cylinder 2-liter engine and single carburetor could only provide 48 kilowatts of power.
- In 1955, BMW introduced two new cars, enough to restore the company to its pre-war status. The sporty 503 marks BMW’s return to the tradition of producing high-performance cars represented by the 315 and 328. Its top speed has reached 190 kilometers per hour, but sales are not large. The same is true for the 507, but it is the most popular one among BMW cars since the 1930s.
- The 700 series was launched in 1959. Its 700cc motorcycle engine is only slightly larger than the 600 series bubble car, but it looks like a real car, which makes it a stable customer base.
- In the mid-1980s, BMW acquired a disused barracks in the northern suburbs of Munich and began to transform it into the BMW Research and Engineering Center (fiz). The center has design and test equipment, and is the prototype and pilot of another BMW production center. The first teamwork project was carried out here in 1985. The center was formally established in 1990, and has been careful to expand its scope of activities.
- BMW acquired the British Rover Group in 1994, including Rover, Land Rover, mini and mg. BMW needs to modernize its products and factories, which makes the acquisition of other factories relatively cheaper. BMW spent 800 million pounds on the acquisition. Soon after BMW acquired Rover, the value of the pound soared by 50%, which resulted in higher costs for the modernization of the plant. So in 2000, BMW decided to sell the two plants of Rover and mg, which were no longer viable, to the British Phoenix Group for a nominal price of 10 pounds. Land Rover was soon sold to Ford, but BMW decided to keep the mini brand and began to develop a new generation of mini models.
- In 2002, BMW bought the “Rolls-Royce” brand from Volkswagen, the original owner of Rolls-Royce, and was preparing to compete with the Bentley brand controlled by Volkswagen for the high-end market. Although BMW agreed not to use this brand before 2003, It also began planning for its new plant in Goodwood, West Sussex for the new Rolls-Royce. In January 2003, BMW’s Rolls-Royce launched the seventh-generation Phantom sedan.