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Company Encyclopedia: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. is a provider of information and communication solutions in the People’s Republic of China, headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province. Huawei was incorporated in 1987, and its business scope covers telecommunications networks, enterprise networks, consumers and cloud computing. Its telecommunication network products mainly include switching networks, transmission networks, wireless and wired fixed access networks, data communication networks and wireless terminal products in communication networks. Since 2012, Huawei has become the world’s largest manufacturer of telecommunications equipment.

huawei

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.:

1. Huawei organizational structure

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. is divided into 6 major systems, namely : sales and services, products and solutions, finance, market strategy, operation and delivery, and human resources.

Among them, there are 7 regions around the world under the sales and service system, namely : China (domestic marketing department, under which there are 27 representative offices in China), Asia Pacific, Latin America, Europe and America, Southern Africa, CIS In the districts and the Middle East and Northeast Africa districts, there are also representative offices stationed in various countries under each district. Employees working in the representative office are simultaneously under the dual leadership of the representative office and the subordinate system department.

Huawei also has a number of subsidiaries, including HiSilicon Semiconductor Co., Ltd., Consumer Business (formerly Terminal Company), Huawei Digital Technology Co., Ltd., Huawei Software Technology Company, Ansett Electric Co., Ltd., Shenzhen Huitong Business Co., Ltd., Huawei University, Huawei Symantec Technology Co., Ltd. and Huawei Ocean Network Co., Ltd., etc. Among them, the consumer business headquarters is located in Dongguan City, and is a dual center with Huawei’s headquarters in Longgang District, Shenzhen.

The organizational structure of Huawei from top to bottom is the board of directors (BOD)-the management team (EMT)-the product investment review board (IRB)-office meetings of the six major systems.

Huawei has established multiple research institutes around the world, including India, the United States, Sweden, Europe (Germany, Italy, France, etc.), Russia, and China in Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan, Chengdu, Xi’an, and Hangzhou. 48% of its 89,000 employees Engaged in research and development work, as of the end of 2006, has applied for more than 19,000 patents, and has become the unit with the most patent applications in China for several consecutive years.

On May 8, 2006, Huawei launched a new corporate identification system.

In September 2006, the network communication equipment brand “Huawei-3Com” (Huawei-3Com) jointly established by Huawei and 3Com was renamed H3C. After many changes, H3C was finally acquired by HP.

In 2007, Huawei and Symantec jointly established a storage and network security solution provider-Huawei Symantec Technology Co., Ltd. (In 2012, it invested in the purchase of shares held by Symantec and became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Huawei)

In 2010, Huawei Software Technology Co., Ltd. and Langxin Information Technology Co., Ltd. jointly established Beijing Huawei Langxin Technology Co., Ltd., with Langxin Chairman Xu Changjun as the chairman of the joint venture.

2. Huawei products and services

Huawei’s main revenue comes from the business of telecom operators. It also provides products and services for enterprises and individuals. About one-third of the world’s people are using some form of Huawei technology.

  • Wireless access: including base station equipment such as GSM, Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS), and LTE
  • Fixed access: including traditional fixed network access (MSAN, DSLAM), optical broadband access (FTTx), ODN and wiring (ODN and MDF)
  • Core network: NGN, 3G/4G Core Network
  • Transmission network: WDM/OTN, MSTP/Hybrid MSTP, microwave system, etc.
  • Data communication: routers, switches, etc.
  • Network energy
  • Business and software: intelligent network, call center, network analysis tools, etc.
  • OSS server: network planning and network design, IP operation and maintenance, resource management, service provisioning and activation, line diagnosis, system architecture, and end-to-end professional services in the transformation of telecom networks and operation and maintenance
  • Storage and network security
  • Terminal: mobile phone, internet card, gateway, modem, set-top box, etc.

3. Huawei business records

Huawei is not a listed company and has no obligation to disclose its financial reports, but it will also proactively release some data (after audit by an accounting firm).

In 2007, the contracted sales of 16 billion US dollars, of which the overseas sales of 11.5 billion US dollars, and was China’s domestic electronics industry profit and tax revenue that year. As of the end of 2007, Huawei has covered more than 100 countries and regions in the international market. Among the top 50 telecom operators in the world, 35 have used Huawei’s products and services.

In 2008, the contracted sales of 23.3 billion U.S. dollars, was the first profit and tax payment in China’s domestic electronics industry. As of the end of 2008, Huawei had covered more than 100 countries and regions in the international market, and 45 of the world’s top 50 telecom operators had used Huawei’s products and services.

In 2010, Huawei had annual sales of 21.8 billion US dollars. Huawei entered the Fortune Global 500 for the first time that year and has maintained it today.

Sales revenue in 2012 was RMB 220.2 billion, 66% of which came from markets outside of China. Among them, the operator’s market sales revenue was 160.3 billion yuan, accounting for 73% of the total, the individual consumer market sales were 48.4 billion yuan, accounting for 22%, and the corporate business market sales revenue was 11.5 billion yuan, accounting for 5%. Among the 130 commercial LTE networks released around the world, 64 of them have Huawei’s participation.

As of February 2011, Huawei had applied for 49,040 patents worldwide; in 2014, Huawei had applied for 3,442 patents globally, ranking first in the world.

In the smart phone business, as of the second quarter of 2015, Huawei ranked third in the global smart phone market share; ranked second in the Chinese market share.

Huawei business data :

years

Sales revenue

year 2002

RMB 17.5 billion

Year 2003

22.1 billion RMB

year 2004

31.3 billion RMB

2005

RMB 45.3 billion

year 2006

65.6 billion RMB

2007

RMB 40.5 billion

Year 2008

52.5 billion RMB

Year 2009

RMB 146.6 billion

year 2010

182.5 billion RMB

year 2011

203.9 billion RMB

2012

RMB 220.2 billion

year 2013

RMB 239 billion

Year 2014

288.1 billion RMB

2015

395 billion RMB

2016

RMB 521.5 billion

2017

603.621 billion RMB

2018

721.2 billion RMB

Four, Huawei company history:

In September 1987, Huawei was approved by the Shenzhen Municipal Administration for Industry and Commerce as a “private technology enterprise” with a registered capital of 21,000 yuan and 14 employees. Its main business is to represent the HAX mini-simulation of Hong Kong Kangli Investment Co., Ltd. which is controlled by China. switch. The name Huawei means “China is promising.”

Established an early agent for small program-controlled switches. The first breakthrough in the core technology of communication equipment was the “C&C08” large program-controlled switches launched in 1994. After that, they gradually occupied the domestic fixed exchange and access network communication equipment market in China, and their market share gradually Expansion, by the end of the 1990s, it had occupied most of the market share with a few other competitors in the Chinese domestic market.

As of 2007, Huawei has strong strengths in optical transmission networks, mobile and fixed switching networks, and data communication networks, and has been competing fiercely with established communications companies such as Ericsson , Alcatel , and Cisco in the global telecommunications market .

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. was an obscure company before the IT bubble, but after the IT bubble, the company has grown rapidly based in China and quickly attracted attention from all walks of life. The market is not limited to developing countries.

Timeline

  • Founded in Shenzhen in 1987, it became the sales agent of a Hong Kong company that produces PBX.
  • In 1990, it started to independently develop and commercialize PBX technology for hotels and small businesses.
  • In 1992, began to develop and launch rural digital exchange solutions.
  • In 1995, sales reached 1.5 billion yuan, mainly from the Chinese rural market.
  • In 1997, launched a wireless GSM solution.
  • In 1999, a research and development center was established in Bangalore, India.
  • In 2000, a research and development center was established in Stockholm, Sweden. Sales in overseas markets reached US$100 million.
  • In 2001, the non-core subsidiary Avansys was sold to Emerson for US$750 million . Set up four R&D centers in the United States. Join the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). India’s Bangalore R&D Center obtained CMM 4 certification.
  • In 2002, sales in overseas markets reached 552 million US dollars.
  • In 2003, a joint venture company was established with 3Com to focus on the research of enterprise data network solutions. The R&D center in Bangalore, India obtained CMM5 certification. Sued Huawei for infringement with Cisco Systems, but the lawsuit ended in a settlement.
  • In 2004, it established a joint venture with Siemens to develop TD-SCDMA solutions. Obtained a contract worth more than 25 million US dollars from Dutch operator Telfort, achieving a major breakthrough in Europe for the first time.
  • In 2005, overseas contract sales exceeded domestic contract sales for the first time. Signed the “Global Framework Agreement” with Vodafone and officially became Vodafone’s preferred communications equipment supplier. Become the preferred 21st century network supplier of British Telecom (BT for short) and provide multi-service network access (MSAN) components and transmission equipment for BT21st century network.
  • In 2006, it sold 49% of H3C’s shares for US$880 million. Cooperate with Motorola to establish a joint R&D center in Shanghai to develop UMTS technology. Launched a new corporate identity.
  • In 2007, it established a joint venture with Symantec to develop storage and security products and solutions. Established a joint venture company with Global Marine to provide end-to-end network solutions for submarine cables. Become a partner of all top operators in Europe. Was awarded the “2007 Outstanding Performance Award” by Vodafone, and is the only telecom network solution provider to receive this award. Introduced a mobile fixed convergence (FMC) solution strategy based on an all-IP network to help telecom operators save total operating costs and reduce energy consumption.
  • In 2008, it was named the top ten most influential companies in the world by Business Weekly. According to Informa’s consulting report, Huawei ranks third in the world in the mobile device market. It is the first large-scale commercial UMTS/HSPA network in North America to build next-generation wireless networks for Canadian operators Telus and Bell . The global cumulative shipment of mobile broadband products exceeds 20 million units, and according to ABI data, the market share ranks first in the world. A total of 1,737 PCT patent applications were filed throughout the year. According to statistics from the World Intellectual Property Organization, the patent application company (person) ranked first; the number of LTE patents accounted for more than 10% of the world.
  • In 2009, the wireless access market share ranked second in the world. Successfully delivered the world’s first LTE/EPC commercial network, and the number of LTE commercial contracts obtained ranks first in the world. The first to release an end-to-end 100G solution from routers to transmission systems. Won the 2009 IEEE Standards Organization Outstanding Company Contribution Award. Won the “Business Emerging Award” issued by the British ” Financial Times “, and was selected as one of the top five most innovative companies by Fast Company magazine in the United States. The main products have achieved a reduction in resource consumption of more than 20% year-on-year, and more than 3,000 new energy power supply solution sites have been deployed worldwide.
  • In 2010, more than 80 SingleRAN commercial networks were deployed globally, 28 of which have been commercially released or will soon release LTE/EPC services. Set up a safety certification center in the UK. Signed a voluntary energy conservation agreement with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China. Join the United Nations World Broadband Commission. Won the 2010 Corporate Innovation Award of the British “The Economist ” magazine.
  • In 2011, released the GigaSite solution and U2Net ubiquitous ultra-wideband network architecture. 20 cloud computing data centers have been built. Sales of smart phones reached 20 million units. Acquired Huasai for US$530 million. The “2012 Laboratory” was integrated and established. Released SmartCare solution. Won 6 top LTE awards worldwide. In the same year, Huawei planned to acquire Symantec’s 49% stake in the joint venture company Huawei Symantec for US$530 million. Huawei Symantec is a joint venture company established in Hong Kong by Huawei and Symantec in 2008 to provide security, Storage and system management solutions.
  • In 2012, we continued to promote global localized operations, strengthened investment in Europe, focused on increasing investment in the UK, established a new research and development center in Finland, and established local boards and advisory committees in France and the UK. Contributed to the 3GPP LTE core standard. 20% of the total number of proposals in the world. Release the industry’s first 400G DWDM optical transmission system, release the industry’s largest 480G circuit board in the IP field, and cooperate with customers in 33 countries around the world in cloud computing and construction The world’s largest desktop cloud with a scale of 70,000 people launched mid-to-high-end flagship products that are selling well in developed countries. In the same year, John Roese, head of Huawei’s North American R&D, said that Huawei is fully prepared to challenge the leading network equipment industry in the US market, Cisco Systems, but that it will require patience and time.
  • In 2013, the Global Financial Risk Control Center was established in London, UK, to supervise Huawei’s global financial operations risks, and ensure standardized, efficient, and low-risk operations of financial business; the European logistics center was officially put into operation in Hungary, covering Europe, Central Asia, and Middle East and Africa countries . As the main promoter of the EU’s 5G project and the initiator of the 5G Innovation Center (5GIC) in the UK, it released the 5G white paper, actively built a 5G global ecosystem, and carried out close joint research with more than 20 universities around the world; Huawei’s contribution to the development of wireless future technology , Industry standards and the industry chain actively contribute. The 400G router commercial solution was approved by 49 customers and put into commercial use on a large scale; in addition, Huawei also took the lead in releasing the backbone router 1T routing line card, as well as the 40T ultra-large-capacity WDM prototype and the new all-optical switching network AOSN architecture. It continues to lead the global LTE commercial deployment and has entered more than 100 capital cities around the world, covering nine major financial centers. Release the world’s first agile network architecture centered on business and user experience and the world’s first agile switch S12700 to meet the needs of new applications such as cloud computing, BYOD, SDN, Internet of Things, multi-service, and big data. Focusing on consumers and continuing to focus on the boutique strategy with Make it Possible, the flagship model achieved a win-win brand profit, the smartphone business achieved a historic breakthrough, and it became the third largest in the world. Huawei’s mobile phone brand awareness worldwide An increase of 110%. In the same year, Ren Zhengfei said that in the next five to ten years, Huawei will not consider the overall listing.
  • November 17, 2016, the international wireless standards bodies 3GPP 87th meeting was held in Las Vegas to discuss the phone 5G standards, China and China-based push PolarCode (polarization yards) program, the US Qualcomm main push LDPC scheme, the French main push Turbo2. 0 scheme, the final short code scheme is won by Huawei Polar Code.
  • On February 26, 2017, Huawei released a new generation of mobile phones Huawei P10 and P10 Plus. At the press conference, Huawei used a P10 mobile phone equipped with UFS2.1 flash memory to promote the mobile phone and tested it on the spot. Afterwards, some users found that the flash memory speeds of different mobile phones of Huawei P10 were very different. It was suspected that eMMC5.1, UFS2.0 and UFS2.1 flash memory were mixed, and there was no common oleophobic layer. Huawei explained that “smooth experience is not a single component decision” and pointed out that the running score does not match the user’s real usage scenario. Yu Chengdong, the person in charge of Huawei’s mobile phone, said in his Weibo that it was “friends” who made a lot of hype to vilify Huawei, and emphasized that the actual experience of eMMC and UFS is not much different. Currently, P10 phones can go to the after-sales point to apply the oleophobic layer, but there is no plan to recall or return the phones with eMMC flash memory. The HUAWEI P10 series phones shipped now all use UFS2.1 flash memory.
  • On June 28, 2017, the Hainan Provincial Government and Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. signed a strategic cooperation agreement, and Huawei landed in Hainan. Huawei will leverage its core technologies and complete industrial chain integration capabilities in cloud computing, big data, Internet of Things, smart cities, and safe cities to vigorously promote the development of the Internet of Things, cloud computing, and big data industries in Hainan.
  • In April 2018, Huawei announced the GPU Turbo technology. The marketing director issued the slogan “Scary technology” as the marketing slogan. The details were announced at the CES Asia exhibition in Shanghai. GPU Turbo can improve the performance of mobile games by 60%. The fps at runtime and HDR calculation are added, but at the same time only 30% of the previous power consumption is used. It seems to be significantly different from the previous overclocking speculation in the industry. The growth rate is far beyond the concept of overclocking, and overclocking cannot reduce power consumption. The point is that GPU Turbo is completely an effect achieved by software upgrades, so in addition to the latest Kirin 970 processor series phones that year, older phones such as 960 and 659 and M5 tablets can also use this technology. But the reality is that GPU Turbo is only effective for games on the specific optimization list. Although the detailed technical details are not known as confidential and the outside world does not know the inside story, it can be seen from this item that it is a reverse analysis of the code of some mainstream games, for each one. 3D display elements commonly used in games are used to tilt resources, and at the same time close or reduce the calculation of unnoticeable display items in the game screen. Temporarily reduce the graphics resolution to improve game performance.
  • On December 6, 2018, Huawei confirmed that the eldest daughter of the company’s founder Ren Zhengfei and the current vice chairman and chief financial officer (CFO) Meng Wanzhou was arrested at the request of the U.S. government while transiting in Vancouver, Canada on December 1. On January 28, 2019, Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., the company’s chief financial manager Meng Wanzhou, and two branches were sued by the U.S. Department of Justice for a total of 23 criminal charges, including wire fraud, bank fraud, conspiracy to defraud the United States, and conspiracy to defraud the United States. Conspiracy to steal trade secrets, violation of the International Emergency Economic Rights Act (that is, US sanctions against Iran), conspiracy to launder money and conspiracy to obstruct justice, etc. The US Department of Justice alleged that Huawei had stolen technology from the US branch of the telecommunications company T-Mobile to test the durability of smartphones. Huawei today issued an official statement denying all allegations.
  • On the morning of March 7, 2019, Huawei held a foreign media press conference at its Shenzhen headquarters and announced an important decision: to sue the US government. Said that the US government’s US National Defense Authorization Act 889 against Huawei is unconstitutional, and Huawei has formally sued in the Federal Court of the Eastern District of Texas.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. investment:

Huawei is a private company and has not yet been listed and has no investment opportunities for the time being.

Description:

The full text of this article is reproduced from Wikipedia ( https://www.wikipedia.org/ ).

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