International Business Machines Corporation, International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM) was founded in 1911, formerly known as Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co., changed its current name in 1924, headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA, with 352,600 full-time employees , Is a multinational company providing information services and a leading company in the computer and information services industry.
International Business Machines Corporation (IBM):
IBM’s innovative solutions are fully blooming in important areas of concern to governments, enterprises, and people, such as smart energy, smart transportation, smart healthcare, smart retail, smart energy, and smart water resources, covering energy conservation and emission reduction, food safety, environmental protection, transportation, Medical, modern service industry, software and services, cloud computing, virtualization and other hot directions.
At present, IBM has made great achievements in materials, chemistry, physics and other scientific fields, and has invented many products. The more famous products invented by IBM include hard disks, ATMs, universal product codes, SQL (databases), relational database management systems, DRAM, Watson, etc.
When IBM was founded, its main business was commercial typewriters, and later it was converted to word processors, and then to computers and related services. After a century of development, IBM is now the world’s largest information technology and business solutions company. It is a large enterprise with nearly 400,000 employees and 160 billion US dollars in assets. It is one of the world’s best-operated and most successfully managed companies. First, it is also one of the stocks that Warren Buffett has been optimistic about in the long run.
In July 2019, IBM completed the acquisition of Red Hat and acquired all of the latter’s products and intellectual property, including:
1. Cloud computing
(1) Red Hat Enterprise Linux OpenStack Platform
The Red Hat Enterprise OpenStack platform is the largest and fastest-growing open source cloud infrastructure project. It can provide a large-scale extensible framework for user organizations to build an automated private infrastructure based on standard x86 hardware and existing virtualization hypervisor technology. Service (IaaS) cloud.
(2) Red Hat OpenShift
OpenShift is an enterprise-level platform as a service (PasS) launched by Red Hat. Developers can use it to build and publish web applications. OpenShift widely supports multiple programming languages and frameworks, such as Java, Ruby and PHP. In addition, it also provides a variety of integrated development tools such as Eclipse integration, JBoss Developer Studio and Jenkins. OpenShift is based on an open source ecosystem that provides support for mobile applications and database services.
(3) Red Hat CloudForms (hybrid cloud management platform)
Red Hat CloudForms allows users to create and manage infrastructure-as-a-service (laaS) hybrid clouds, providing users with self-service computing resources in a manageable, supervisable and secure manner. CloudForms combines comprehensive application lifecycle management and the ability to create open hybrid clouds from the largest range of computing resources to redefine the IaaS cloud market. It also provides mobility within a variety of heterogeneous virtualization platforms and can be extended to public clouds.
(4) Red Hat Cloud Infrastructure (Cloud Infrastructure)
Red Hat Cloud Infrastructure is a packaged software dedicated to providing comprehensive solutions for enterprises to smoothly migrate from traditional data center virtualization to OpenStack cloud environment. With the help of Red Hat Cloud Infrastructure, users can simultaneously manage virtualization and OpenStack environments on a single platform.
(1) Red Hat Inktank Ceph Enterprise provides object and block storage software for enterprises deploying public or private clouds (including many early adopters of OpenStack). The addition of Red Hat Ceph Enterprise enriches Red Hat storage products and brings users a more comprehensive open source software-defined storage solution that spans objects, data blocks, and file systems.
(2) The advanced performance of Red Hat Storage Server can fully adapt to the task load of data-intensive enterprises and meet data processing including big data, operational analysis, enterprise file sharing and collaboration, etc. With its widely recognized task load solution, Red Hat Storage Server can enable enterprises to effectively manage internal data, thereby controlling costs and improving enterprise responsiveness and operational efficiency.
Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization products provide advanced open source enterprise virtualization functions, enabling customers to optimize the workload of traditional virtualization tasks and provide an entry point for cloud deployment through OpenStack. Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization helps enterprise customers streamline and optimize traditional virtualized infrastructure, while laying the foundation for private cloud capabilities.
Red Hat JBoss middleware helps organizations develop their middleware infrastructure by providing the tools needed to quickly build systems that connect people, processes, and information together. The main products of Red Hat JBoss middleware are Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform, JBoss Web Server, JBoss Data Grid, JBoss Developer Studio, JBoss Portal, JBoss Operation Network, JBoss Fuse (Enterprise Service Bus-ESB), JBoss A- MQ (message middleware), JBoss data virtualization, JBoss Fuse Service Works, JBoss BRMS, JBoss BPM package, etc.
Five, operating system
(1) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Red Hat released the latest flagship enterprise operating system-Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 in June 2014. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 not only lays the foundation for an open hybrid cloud, provides integrated and cross-infrastructure services to enterprises, but also further expands the positioning of the operating system, from container applications to cloud services, fully supporting the development of enterprise IT.
Based on the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 operating system, enterprises can integrate bare metal servers, virtual machines, infrastructure as a service (IaaS) and platform as a service (PaaS) to build a robust and robust data center environment to meet changing business needs. In response to the heterogeneous needs of modern enterprise IT, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 provides an integrated and unified platform that allows customers to balance current needs and enjoy computing innovation across physical systems, virtual machines, and clouds—that is, an open hybrid cloud environment , Such as the benefits of Linux containers and big data.
(2) Red Hat Satellite
Red Hat Satellite is a comprehensive solution that provides complete lifecycle management for Red Hat systems through configuration software distribution, patch and configuration management, and subscription management for physical, virtual, and cloud environments. The tools needed to eliminate the system provide a separate management console and methodology.
International Business Machines Corporation IBM History:
- In 2004, IBM announced the sale of its personal computer PC business to Lenovo Group (a Chinese government holding) for US$650 million in cash and US$600 million in Lenovo stock. The transaction was completed in May 2005. IBM has a 19% stake in Lenovo, and Lenovo has inherited the IBM Thinkpad product line.
- On February 8, 2005, the “Cell” central processing unit architecture jointly developed by IBM, Sony, and Toshiba was released.
- On June 20, 2006, Georgia and IBM announced a new technology to record a silicon-based chip speed of 500GHz.
- In 2006, IBM became the company with the largest number of patents in the United States for the 14th consecutive year, and set a new record with 3621 patents.
- In 2008, IBM President and CEO Peng Mingsheng released the concept of “Smart Planet” for the first time: the core of IBM’s strategic development in the next 10 years, IBM’s annual R&D investment amounts to 6 billion US dollars, half of which is used in “wisdom The Earth” project.
- In 2009, IBM fully grasped the technological trend of “perception, interconnection, and intelligence” and proposed the vision of “smart earth” and “smart city”.
- On February 17, 2011, IBM’s supercomputer “Watson” defeated two human champions in the veteran American knowledge quiz TV show “Jeopardy!”, and was hailed as the 21st century computer science and A great breakthrough in artificial intelligence.
- In October 2011, IBM successfully acquired Algorithmics, making it an important member of the IBM Software Group.
- On November 15, 2011, the stock god Warren Buffett said in an interview with CNBC that Berkshire Hathaway, which he controls, has been buying IBM shares since March 2011 and already holds 64 million shares of IBM. The stock, which accounts for 5.4% of its outstanding share capital, has a market value of $10.7 billion. Berkshire became one of IBM’s two largest shareholders.
- On December 19, 2012, IBM announced that it had signed a definitive agreement to acquire StoredIQ Software.
- On September 19, 2013, IBM acquired the British commercial software company Daeja Image Systems, intending to merge it into the software group and enterprise content management (ECM) business.
- On April 10, 2014, IBM announced that it had agreed to acquire Silverpop, a privately held cloud marketing services company.
- On October 22, 2014, Lufthansa Airlines stated that as part of the company’s restructuring plan, it would sell its IT infrastructure division to IBM, including a service outsourcing agreement. According to the preliminary agreement reached between the two parties, Lufthansa will outsource all IT infrastructure services to IBM for a period of 7 years. At the same time, IBM took over the IT infrastructure department of Lufthansa.
- On March 28, 2015, IBM acquired the technology and team of search engine startup Blekko.
- On August 6, 2015, IBM announced that it would acquire Merge Healthcare, a medical imaging equipment provider, for US$1 billion, and plans to integrate its technology into its Watson supercomputer business.
- On January 22, 2016, IBM acquired Ustream Inc., a cloud-based video streaming service provider, with the purpose of strengthening its video services for enterprise users who use the IBM cloud suite.
- On February 18, 2016, IBM announced that it would acquire Truven Health Analytics, a medical data company, for US$2.6 billion, in order to further expand its established health insurance business. The number of employees in IBM’s Watson Health business unit will therefore double to 10,000. Due to the decline in core business, IBM has been investing heavily in the health insurance industry last year.
- On March 3, 2016, IBM sold all its shares in Lenovo for 1.18 billion Hong Kong dollars .
- On October 28, 2018, IBM stated that it planned to acquire the open source software company Red Hat (NYSE: RHT) at a price of US$190 per share and a total value of approximately US$34 billion to build the world’s largest hybrid cloud provider. Red Hat closed at $116.68 on Friday, which means that the purchase price is 63% higher.
- On July 9, 2019, IBM completed its $34 billion acquisition of Red Hat, and the latter company was delisted. Red Hat, an open source enterprise software manufacturer, will be merged into IBM’s hybrid cloud division, and Red Hat’s CEO Jim Whitehurst will join IBM’s executive team and report to IBM’s CEO Ginni Rometty) report to work.
- On October 8, 2020, International Business Machines (IBM) is splitting into two listed companies, and its business focus is transforming from a traditional business to a highly profitable cloud computing business. IBM will spin off its IT infrastructure services division into independent listed subsidiaries, and the spin-off will be completed before the end of 2021. The department provides technical support to 4,600 customers in 115 countries, and pending business orders amount to US$60 billion.
International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) investment:
In view of the fact that IBM’s recent investment in the medical and health sector has increased more than market expectations, and that growth sectors such as cloud and big data analysis accounted for more than expected increases in IBM’s business revenue (27% in 2014 and 35% in 2015), it is expected to follow As new business units begin to generate recurring software and service revenue, IBM’s free cash flow will increase in the next two years.