Nippon Electric (Japanese: Nippon Electric Company / にっぽんんでんき, referred to as NEC, NEC, Chinese also translated as Enyixi (Taiwan)) NEC Corporation was founded on July 17, 1899, formerly known as Nippon Electric Company Limited, changed to 1983 The current name is a Japanese multinational information technology company headquartered in Minato, Tokyo and a member of the Sumitomo Group .
NEC provides information technology (IT) and network products for commercial enterprises, communications services, and governments. Its business scope is mainly divided into three parts: IT solutions, network solutions and electronic equipment. IT solutions mainly provide software, hardware and related services to commercial enterprises, governments and individual users. Network solutions are mainly to design and provide broadband systems, mobile and wireless communication network systems, mobile phones, broadcasting and other systems. NEC’s electronic equipment includes semiconductors, displays and other electronic devices. NEC also produces Versa series notebook computers for the international market and LaVie series notebook computers for the Japanese domestic market. NEC is also the inventor of the Earth Simulator, which was once the fastest supercomputer in the world.
NEC Corporation History:
On August 31, 1898, Kunihiko Iwataru and Takeshiro Maeda jointly established NEC Corporation on the basis of purchasing equipment from Miyoshi Electric Manufacturing Company. Iwatari is the shareholder representative, and Maeda is responsible for company sales. Walter Tenney Carleton (Walter Tenney Carleton) is the representative of Western Electric, which is interested in the Japanese telephone market, and is also responsible for the equipment innovation of Miyoshi Electric.
On July 17, 1899, Nippon Electric Co., Ltd., with the participation of Western Electric Corporation, was established. This was also the first joint venture company in Japan with foreign capital. Iwataru was appointed as managing director, and Ernest Clement and Carlton were appointed as directors. Maeda and Mototeru Fujii were appointed as auditors. Iwadare, Maeda, and Carlton are responsible for the entire company’s operations.
In 1919, NEC began its first alliance with Sumitomo. Sumitomo Densen Seizosho (Sumitomo Densen Seizosho) is a company that produces wires. NEC provided it with wire manufacturing equipment, and the wire patent jointly owned by Western Electric Corporation was also transferred to Sumitomo Densen.
In 1924, NEC began to develop radio communication services. Japan’s first radio broadcasting company “Tokyo Broadcasting Bureau” (NHK) was established in 1924 and began broadcasting in 1925. NEC introduced broadcasting equipment from Western Electric Company. The expansion of radio broadcasting to Osaka and Nagoya marked the beginning of radio communications as an industry. In 1924, NEC created radio communication research. The development of electronic tubes began in 1925. By 1930, NEC produced the company’s first 500W radio transmitter. In 1934, they provided a 100KW radio broadcasting system for the Xinjing Broadcasting Station in Manchuria, China.
The photo-telegraphic equipment was invented by NEC and used in Emperor Hirohito’s enthronement ceremony. The ceremony was held in Kyoto in 1928, and the Asahi Shimbun and Mainichi Newspapers competed on this. The Asahi Shimbun originally planned to use Siemens equipment, while the Mainichi Shimbun planned to use French photo fax equipment. In the end, both newspapers adopted NEC products because of its fast speed and high image quality.
In 1939, NEC established a research laboratory at the Tamagawa Plant, making it the first Japanese company to successfully test microwave multiplex communications.
NEC began developing transistors in 1950.
In 1951, they began to export radio broadcasting equipment to South Korea.
In 1952, NEC was awarded the Deming prize for its outstanding performance in quality control.
In 1954, computer development began. NEC produced Japan’s first crossbar switching system.
In 1956, the system was adopted by the Japan Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTTPC). In the same year, NEC began to develop an electronic switching system jointly with NTTPC.
In 1958, NEC established Taiwan Telecommunication Company, which was its first joint venture overseas after the war. In the same year, NEC developed NEAC-1101 and NEAC-1102 computers.
In 1959, NEC introduced the company’s first transistor computer “NEAC-2201”.
In 1960, the company began research and development of integrated circuits.
In 1963, NEC began trading in the form of American Depositary Receipts, with sales revenue of 10 million in the United States. In the same year, Nippon Electric New York Company (Today’s Electric America Company) was established.
In 1964, NEC provided the International Telecommunications and Telephone Company (KDD; today KDDI ) with a submarine optical cable system laid in the Pacific Ocean.
From 1968 to 1969, NEC Mexico, NEC Brazil, and NEC Australia were established.
In 1971, NEC provided the SPADE satellite communication system to Comsat Corporation.
In 1972, Switzerland ordered a satellite communications ground workstation from NEC. In the same year, a small mobile satellite communications ground station was established in China.
In 1973, NEC’s common stock was listed on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange. In the same year, an automatic broadcasting system was designed for the Japan Broadcasting Association (NHK). Japan Electric (Europe) Co., Ltd. is established.
In 1974, ACOS series computers were launched.
In 1975, the New Central Research Institute was established.
In 1977, Japan’s National Space Development Agency (NASDA) launched a NEC geosynchronous weather satellite named “Sunflower”.
In 1978, NEC America’s plant in Dallas, Texas, was put into use and began to manufacture dedicated automatic branch exchange (PABX) and telephone systems. In the same year, it acquired Electronic Arrays, Inc., California, and began manufacturing semiconductor chips in the United States.
In 1980, NEC invented the first digital signal processor (digital signal processor) µPD7710.
In 1981, NEC’s shares were listed on the London Stock Exchange. In the same year, NEC Semiconductor (UK) Co., Ltd. was established to produce large-scale integrated circuits (LSI) and very large-scale integrated circuits (VLSI).
In 1982, NEC launched the 16-bit personal computer series “PC-9800”.
In 1983, NEC shares were listed and traded in Basel, Geneva and Zurich. In the same year, NEC changed the company’s English name.
In 1984, Japan Electric Information System Co., Ltd. began to produce computers and related products in the United States. Similarly, the V series processor was introduced.
In 1986, NEC provided an SX-2 supercomputer to the Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC). Similarly, the digital exchange system NEAX61 was put into use.
In 1987, Nippon Electric Technology (UK) Co., Ltd. was founded in the UK and began to produce video recorders, printers and color TVs for the European market.
In 1987, NEC Home Electronics (NEC Home Electronics) Co., Ltd. was established to enter the home entertainment and multimedia business, and cooperated with game software manufacturers to develop the PC Engine of the TV game console.
In 1988, CD-ROM², a peripheral device for PC Engine, was launched, which was the world’s first home game device using CD-ROM as media.
In 1989, NEC America was changed to a holding company for North American operations.
In 1990, NEC’s new headquarters office building “Nippon Electric Headquarters Building” (also known as “NEC Supertower”) was put into use. At the same time, a joint venture was established in China to start production and sales of digital electronic switching systems and large-scale integrated circuits.
In 1993, NEC’s asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) switching system was put into use in the United States. In the same year, NEC Europe Co., Ltd. was established as a European business holding company.
In 1994, PC-FX game console was launched.
In 1996, the C&C Research Institute of NEC Europe Co., Ltd. opened in Germany; NEC (China) Co., Ltd. was established as a holding company for the Chinese business.
In 1997, NEC launched 4G dynamic random access memory (DRAM), and the company’s semiconductor team was awarded the first Japan Quality Awards (Japan Quality Awards).
In 1998, NEC’s world’s most advanced semiconductor research and development center was completed.
In 1999, NEC celebrated its 100th anniversary.
In 2002, NEC Electronics Corporation was separated from NEC Electronics Corporation and became a new semiconductor company. NEC made the Earth Simulator Computer (ESC), which was the fastest supercomputer in the world from 2002 to 2004.
On January 27, 2011, Lenovo and NEC established NEC Lenovo Japan Group and established a new company called Lenovo NEC Holdings BV, which was registered in the Netherlands. According to the agreement, Lenovo will hold 51% of the new company and NEC will hold 49%. The joint venture transaction will be completed on June 30, 2011.
On July 31, 2013, NEC announced that it officially ended its smartphone business and stopped developing new products to focus on solutions and IT-supported business development strategies.
NEC teams and players:
- Existing teams and players
- NEC Red Rocket (Women’s Volleyball, V-Legaue)
- NEC Green Rockets (Rugby, Japan Rugby Top Legaue)
- Akiko Fukushima (female golf player)
- Segawa Akuji (Shogi chess player, formerly working in NEC related companies)
- Past team or player
- NEC Blue Rockets (men’s volleyball team, V-Legaue, 2009 off the team)
- NEC Purple Rockets (women’s basketball team, Legaue of Japan, disbanded in 1997)
- Yamagata Yamagami (formerly the NEC Yamagata football team, J-Legaue・J1 = NEC’s LOGO still appears on the uniform)
- Yamashita (track and field athlete, Japanese record holder for triple jump)
- Masuda Akemi (Marathon runner, 1986-1992 belonging)
- Asakoshinobu (tennis player, retired in 2006)
- Shimizu Hiroho (speed skater in the 1994 Winter Olympics and 2000 Winter Olympics, affiliated with NEC from April 1998 to March 2008)
- Katsura Yoshiko (the 2004 Olympic representative female badminton player, affiliated with the former Kyushu Nippon Electric, now serves as a coach at Renesas SKY)
- Suezuna Satoko (Beijing Olympic representative female badminton player, affiliated to the old NEC SKY, now affiliated with Renesas Sky, left the group in April 2010)
- Maeda Mishun (Beijing Olympic representative female badminton player, affiliated with the old NEC SKY, now affiliated with RenesasSKY, left the group in April 2010)
NEC Corporation’s investment:
Non-US listed company.