Japan Airlines Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. (OTC PINK:JAPSY, TYO:9201) was established in 1951, formerly known as Japan Airlines International Co., Ltd., changed to its current name in April 2011, and headquartered in Tokyo, Japan , 35,653 full-time employees, provide regular and irregular air transportation services in Japan and internationally.
Japan Airlines Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. (JAP):
Japan Airlines (Japan Airlines or JAL for short) is the national airline of Japan and a member of oneworld. Headquartered in Shinagawa, Tokyo, it was originally the largest airline in Japan, but it filed for bankruptcy protection in January 2010 and was surpassed by All Nippon Airways after the third oil crisis in 2011. It still ranks alongside ANA as Japan’s two largest airlines. On July 17, 2018, it was named a “Five-Star Airline” by Skytrax.
Japan Airlines was founded in August 1951, and began operating domestic regular routes in October of the same year; until October 1, 1953, it was restructured into a special club (a state-owned enterprise established by the Japanese government in a special law). In 1954, the first trans-Pacific international route to the United States was opened. After 30 years of expansion, it was fully privatized in 1987. In 2002, it merged with Japan’s third-largest airline Japan Gasoline. In 2008, Japan Airlines had 50 million passengers annually.
There is another low-cost airline in the group: Jetstar Japan and five domestic airlines: J-Air, Japan Transocean Airlines (JTA), Japan Air Commuter (JAC), Hokkaido Air Systems ( HAC) and Ryukyu Air Commuter (RAC) provide connection services and short-haul flights to secondary destinations.
Japan Airlines Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. (JAP) organizational structure:
In addition to the normal operations of Japan Airlines, JAL has five domestic airlines that provide connection services to JAL and short-haul flights to secondary destinations:
- J-Air: Provide jet service between Osaka International Airport and domestic cities in Japan
- Japan Transocean Airlines (JTA): Provide jet service between Okinawa Naha Airport and cities in Japan
- Ryukyu Air Commuter (RAC): Provides propeller service to and from Okinawa Naha Airport and the outlying islands and Amami Islands in Okinawa Prefecture
- Japan Air Commuter (JAC): Provides propeller service between Kagoshima Airport and cities in Japan
- Hokkaido Air System (HAC): Provides propeller aircraft service between Hokkaido Sapporo Kazuzu Airport and cities in Japan
JALUX Inc. was established in 1962 and is a subsidiary of JAL that provides catering services. Its business includes “De sky” production of snacks, supply of JAL “Blue Sky” restaurants and “JAL-DFS” stores, aircraft fuel assemblies, and in-flight services And on-board tax-free sales services. In January 2004, JALUX and JAS Trading merged to unify the supply of materials for the JAL Group.
JAL Cargo used to be a brand of Japan Air Cargo Service and a member of WOW Cargo Alliance. In 2006, 338,443 ton-kilometers of cargo and 85,519tkm of mail were carried in the country; 4,541,293tkm of cargo and 161,690tkm of mail were carried internationally. JAL Cargo terminated its service in October 2010, and all cargo planes have left the JAL fleet, and the cargo is now carried by passenger planes.
Japan Airlines Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. (JAP) history:
- After Japan’s defeat in World War II, the Japanese government realized the need to open a reliable airline to help Japan regain its growth. Therefore, Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. was established in August 1951. On October 25 of the same year, JAL used three Northwest Airlines Martin 2-0-2 aircraft and Northwest Airlines staff to start serving Tokyo to several domestic cities.
- On August 1, 1953, the National Assembly of Japan passed the Japan Aviation Corporation Act, establishing a new state-owned airline, Japan Air Lines, and inheriting all previous assets. JAL’s first aircraft was the Douglas DC-3 leased from Philippine Airlines, named “Kinsei”. In the 1950s, JAL used Martin 2-0-2, Douglas DC-3, Douglas DC-4, Douglas DC-6 and Douglas DC-7.
- On February 2, 1954, JAL opened its first international flight between Tokyo and San Francisco. Fly with Douglas DC-6B, stop at Wake Island and Honolulu, one-way ticket price is USD650, every two weeks, the flight number is 001. In the following year, both Hong Kong and Taipei became JAL’s first destinations in Asia. Received the first jet Douglas DC-8 in 1960. Soon, JAL opened a number of international routes.
- In 1972, under the “45/47 system,” the Japanese government promulgated the so-called “aircraft law.” JAL was allowed to open international routes in the name of the national airline and was assigned to open domestic feeders to compete with all-Japan air transport. In this era, JAL’s routes continued to increase, so Boeing 747, Boeing 727 and Douglas DC-10 were purchased to meet demand. JAL’s first Boeing 747 was delivered on April 22, 1970, and was launched on the Honolulu route on July 1 of the same year. In the 1970s, JAL began to increase sales activities, such as mass production of airplane models and other promotional items. JAL also purchased the new Boeing 767 and retired the old DC-8 and Boeing 727.
- Before 1965, more than half of JAL’s revenue came from US routes, so JAL strengthened its lobbying to the US to grant traffic rights to transatlantic routes to the east coast. In 1978, flights from Anchorage to Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were opened. In the 1980s, the midway station was changed to Los Angeles, and then to New York Kennedy International Airport.
- In the late 1970s, Japan began to consider abolishing control regulations, and then in 1985, the Japanese government announced the abolition of the “45/47 system.”
- In 1987, JAL was completely privatized, and two other Japanese airlines: All Nippon Airways and Japan Jet Airways were allowed to freely operate any route to compete with JAL. Due to increased competition, JAL’s corporate structure has also changed; JAL is reorganized into three divisions: international passenger transport, domestic passenger transport and freight (including mail) services.
- In the early 1990s, before the Persian Gulf War began, JAL dispatched additional flights to assist Japanese nationals in evacuation from Iran. In 1992, JAL launched the “JAL Charter Flight.” In 1997, the Walt Disney Company announced that JAL was the designated airline for Tokyo Disneyland. In the same year, Japan Air Express was established, mainly using Boeing 737 passenger planes. In the 1990s, the economic recession in the United States and the United Kingdom made JAL encounter economic difficulties.
- Since 1986, JAL has been profitable every year until 1992 when it began to lose money. JAL began to implement throttling measures, including the establishment of low-cost airline Japan Air Express and the transfer of holiday tourists to Japan Airlines (formerly “JAL Charter”). These measures enabled JAL to turn losses into profits in 1999. In the 1990s, JAL ordered more Boeing 777 aircraft to renew its fleet. JAL is one of the eight members of the Boeing 777 “Working Together” development program, providing advice on the design.
- In 2001, JAL and Japan Jet Airways agreed to merge. In 2002, a new holding company “Japan Airlines System” was established to form the new core of the JAL Group. The aircraft paint has also been changed to match the design of the new JAL Group. In terms of passenger volume, JAL was the sixth largest in the world at the time; in terms of revenue, JAL was the third largest in the world at that time.
- On April 1, 2004, JAL changed its name to “Japan International Airlines”, and Japan Jet Airways changed its name to “Japan Domestic Airlines”. The flight number of JASCO Japan was changed to the flight number of JAL, and the painting was gradually changed. On June 26, 2004, the parent company “Japan Airlines System” was renamed “Japan Airlines Corporation” (Japan Airlines Corporation). After the merger, “Japan Domestic Airlines” will be responsible for JAL’s domestic route network, and “Japan International Airlines” will be responsible for both international routes and domestic feeders. In 2006, “Japan International Airlines” and “Japan Domestic Airlines” merged into a single brand “Japan Airlines”.
- On October 25, 2005, JAL applied to join the oneworld airline alliance and officially joined on April 1, 2007. At present, JAL widely implements code sharing with other oneworld members, including American Airlines, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Qantas, etc.
- On April 1, 2008, JAL merged its original subsidiary, Japan Asia Airlines, into its main line, Japan Airlines. Between 1975 and 2008, due to the political situation in Taiwan, Japan’s Asia Minor Airlines flew special routes from Japan to Taiwan.
- On November 13, 2009, JAL’s profit report and record for the second quarter of 2009 reached a loss of 131.2 billion yen. Rumor has it that JAL will file for bankruptcy. Its alliance Oneworld announced a series of rescue operations. At the same time, SkyTeam’s Delta Air Lines also proposed the news of saving JAL, causing American Airlines to increase the funding for JAL to US$1.4 billion. On January 19, 2010, JAL filed for bankruptcy protection with the Tokyo District Court. On February 9th, JAL announced that it will strengthen its cooperative relationship with American Airlines and will jointly apply for antitrust immunity for U.S.-Japan routes. The Corporate Regeneration Support Agency (ETIC), which is owned by the Japanese government, injected 350 billion yen into JAL in 2010.
- On March 1, 2011, JAL’s Boeing 747 was officially retired. Since the launch of the Boeing 747 passenger plane in 1970, there were 80 planes in operation during the peak period (1994-2001), and they were forced to retire due to the deterioration of the company’s business conditions and excessive fuel consumption. JAL’s last international flight using a Boeing 747 was Japan Airlines Flight 76 from Narita Airport to Honolulu, Hawaii on February 28.
- On March 28, 2011, the Tokyo District Court concluded a 14-month bankruptcy protection procedure against Japan Airlines. In July of the same year, JAL announced its cooperation with Qantas to form Jetstar Japan Airlines.
- After reorganizing its operations, JAL will re-enable the “Flaming Crane” logo from April 1, 2011. The new logo changes the font of the three letters “JAL” of the old logo. At the same time, the English name of JAL is written in bold black on the side of the fuselage. The first aircraft to use the new logo was named “Flamingo No. 1” (Japanese: Tsurumaru No. 1). The model was Boeing 767-300ER (No. JA654J), and it flew to Haneda on the afternoon of February 28. -Hokkaido Kushiro route. The coatings of JAL’s aircraft will be gradually replaced, and it is estimated that it will take 8 years to complete the replacement.
- Because it takes a lot of money to update the company’s logo, and the subsequent third oil crisis also led to the collapse of the global aviation industry, JAL once again fell into a loss crisis. In order to prevent another bankruptcy, JAL announced measures such as large-scale layoffs, relocation of its headquarters, and reduction of the size of its fleet to maintain the normal operation of the company. JAL’s biggest rival, ANA, which belongs to the Star Alliance, the world’s largest airline alliance, has surpassed JAL to become the largest airline in Japan due to less impact.
- ETIC, which holds a 96.5% stake in JAL, sold 175 million shares at 3790 yen per share, raising 663 billion yen to withdraw from its investment in JAL. JAL plans to set a price on September 10, 2012, and list it on the Tokyo Stock Exchange on the 19th.
- During September 2017, Japan Airlines accidentally suffered an email fraud on the grounds of paying the Boeing 777-300ER aircraft rental, and lost 360 million yen.
- In 2018, Japan Airlines was rated as a “five-star airline” by Skytrax, becoming the second “five-star airline” in Japan after ANA.
Japan Airlines Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. (JAP) investment: