Manufacturer of industrial robots & factory automation solutions: KUKA AG (KUKAY) (1898)

KUKA Robotics (KUKA, KUKA) KUKA Aktiengesellschaft (OTCMKT:KUKAY, FWB:KU2) was founded in 1898, formerly known as Industrie-Werke Karlsruhe Augsburg Aktiengesellschaft, which was changed to its current name in 2007 and its headquarters is located in Augsburg, Germany, with 12,883 full-time employees, is a manufacturer of industrial robots and factory automation solutions.



The company’s name –KUKA (library card), is K Eller U Nd K nappich A ugsburg (Keller and Kenapixi, Augsburg) four initials, it is also registered library card company all products trademark.

KUKA has 25 branches around the world, most of which are sales and service branches, including: the United States, Mexico, Brazil, China, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea, India, Russia, and most European countries. KUKA is divided into 3 departments to operate : KUKA Robotics, KUKA Systems, and Swisslog.

1. KUKA Robotics -development, manufacturing and distribution of industrial and service robots, as well as robot controllers and software.

2. KUKA Systems -this department plans, designs and manufactures automated production systems, including individual system components, tools and fixtures, automated production cells and turnkey systems; automated various production processes, such as welding and joining, processing various materials, and Integrate various production stages to form an automated system.

3. Swisslog ——Provide automation solutions for hospitals, warehouses and distribution centers.

KUKA stands for innovation in the field of automation and is the promoter of Industry 4.0. KUKA sells its products under the KUKA brand to customers in the automotive, electronics, consumer products, healthcare, e-commerce and logistics markets, and the metal industry.

KUKA Robot System Information:

Each robot has a control panel (KCP) with a resolution of 640 x 480 pixels and a 6D integrated mouse. By manipulating the mouse, the movement of the robotic arm can be controlled, and the position of the robot movement can be instantly stored (TouchUp); function , Modules and all corresponding data lists can also be created and edited through it. To manually control, you must first turn on the switch on the back of the control panel (KCP) (now the switch is only used for tight brakes). Connected to the control panel and the system is a VGA interface and CAN bus.

An industrial computer in the control cabinet communicates with the robot system through the MFC card. The control signal between the robot arm and the control panel is transmitted via DSE-RDW. The DSE card is in the control cabinet and the RDW card is in the robot base. Inside.

The old version of KRC1 control panel used Windows 95 to run the operating system software. Peripheral equipment includes a CD-ROM and disk drive; Ethernet, Profibus, Interbus, Devicenet and ASI sockets are also available.

The new version of KRC4 control panel adopts Windows XP operating system, including a CD-ROM drive and a USB port, an Ethernet interface and an optional interface for Profibus, Interbus, DeviceNet or Profinet. Most robots are orange-yellow (RAL 2003) or black. The former clearly represents the company’s main color.

KUKA robot application areas:

KUKA robots can be used for material handling, processing, stacking, spot welding and arc welding, involving industries such as automation, metal processing, food and plastics.

The users of KUKA industrial robots include : GM , Chrysler , Ford , Porsche , BMW , Audi , Mercedes-Benz , Volkswagen , Ferrari , Harley-Davidson , Boeing , Siemens , IKEA , Swarovski , Wal-Mart , Budweiser , BSN Medical, Coca-Cola, etc. Wait.

  • Logistics and transportation industry: Robots can play an important role in the transportation of overweight objects, mainly in load-bearing and free positioning.
  • Food industry: KUKA robots can also be used in the food industry. In this field, KUKA robots can reliably reduce the burden on humans or machines in packaging machinery for loading and unloading goods, food cutting, stacking and depalletizing, and quality control.
  • Construction industry: Various applications in the construction industry: Robots can be used in raw material transportation, processing and high-efficiency production processes.
  • Glass manufacturing industry: The manufacturing steps and specific processing of glass and quartz glass, such as laboratory ware manufacturing, blanking and deformation, or manufacturing industry standard product series, require robots.
  • Casting and forging industry: Industrial robots can be installed directly on casting machinery because they are resistant to high temperatures and dirt. KUKA robots can be used in processing processes such as deburring, grinding and drilling, and in quality monitoring processes.
  • Wood industry: grinding, milling, drilling, sawing, sorting, palletizing and other processing and production processes can be completed by robots.
  • Metal processing industry: The main application areas are: metal drilling, milling, cutting, bending and stamping. Of course, it can also be used in welding, assembly, loading or unloading processes.
  • Stone processing: The ceramic and stone processing industries can also use industrial robots for slab bridge saws and fully automatic 3D processing.

KUKA AG (KUKAY) History:

  • In 1898, Johann Joseph Keller and Jacob Konapich established the KUKA company in Augsburg. At first, it mainly focused on indoor and urban lighting. But soon the company set foot in other fields (welding tools and equipment, large containers).
  • In 1956, KUKA built the first automatic welding equipment for refrigerators and washing machines, and provided the first multi-point welding production line for Volkswagen AG.
  • In 1966, KUKA became the market leader in European municipal vehicles.
  • Since 1966, KUKA has pioneered friction welding. Then carried out a lot of innovations, such as short-term welding and positioning friction welding.
  • In 1970, KUKA GmbH (KUKA GmbH) merged with Industrie-Werke Karlsruhe AG (Karlsruhe Industrial Plant Joint Stock Company). The merged company name is Industrie-Werke Karlsruhe Augsburg Aktiengesellschaft (Karlsruhe Augsburg Industrial Plant Joint Stock Company), referred to as IWKA AG (IWKA Joint Stock Company).
  • In 1971, KUKA built the first welding transmission line in Europe for Daimler .
  • In 1972, KUKA introduced the first magnetic arc welding machine.
  • In 1973, KUKA developed its first industrial robot, FAMULUS. At that time, KUKA was under the Quandt Group, and the Quandt family withdrew in 1980 and the company became a listed company.
  • In 1976, KUKA produced IR 6/60-a new type of robot with six-axis electromechanical drive with angled hands.
  • In 1979, IWKA AG transformed different business units into legally independent companies. The joint-stock company became a holding company specializing in international machinery and equipment manufacturing.
  • In 1989, a new generation of industrial robots was born-the use of brushless motors reduced maintenance costs and improved technical availability.
  • In 1995, KUKA Robotics was split into KUKA Robotics Co., Ltd., and KUKA Welding Equipment Co., Ltd. (later “KUKA Systems Co., Ltd.”). Now these two companies belong to the KUKA Shares branch (formerly IWKA). group). The company is a member of the German engineering association VDMA, a member of the Robot Industry Association (RIA), and a member of the International Federation of Robotics (IFR). Today KUKA focuses on providing advanced automation solutions for industrial production processes.
  • In 1997, KUKA Robotics Corporation (KUKA Robotics America) was established in Shelby Town (Michigan), USA.
  • From 1999 to 2000, IWKA AG took over multiple packaging operations of Rheinmetall (Rheinmetall) and the BWI Group, a joint venture between the United Kingdom and the United States-and became one of the leading suppliers of packaging machines and packaging equipment.
  • In 2000, KUKA Robotics China Co., Ltd. (KUKA Robotics China Co., Ltd.) was established.
  • Since 2004, IWKA has focused on the core business areas of robotics and automation technology in equipment and system technology. Businesses in other business areas were gradually sold: Until 2007, KUKA was separated from the processing technology, production technology and packaging technology of the consumer goods industry. Subsequently, the company was renamed KUKA AG in 2007.
  • In 2007, KUKA “titan”-the most powerful 6-axis industrial robot at the time, was included in the Guinness Book of Records.
  • In 2010, the KR QUANTEC series of industrial robots supplemented the gap in the robot family with a payload of 90-300 kg and a working range of 3100 mm.
  • In 2012, the latest small robot series KR AGILUS was launched.
  • In 2013, KUKA ushered in a new generation of robots: KUKA introduced the world’s first lightweight robot (sensing robot) suitable for the industrial field through the LBR iiwa, and each axis has a built-in sensor system.
  • In April 2013, KUKA purchased the equipment manufacturing business of Utica (headquartered in Shelby, Michigan), a welding technology specialist and automotive parts supplier. In the same year, KUKA Toledo Production Operation (KUKA Toledo Production Company, KTPO) in Toledo (Ohio), USA produced the millionth car body for the Jeep Wrangler (JK). KUKA Systems (KUKA Systems Co., Ltd.) is now one of the largest manufacturers of production systems for the North American automotive industry.
  • In 2014, KUKA acquired Reis GmbH & Co. KG Maschinenfabrik, which was renamed KUKA Industries GmbH & Co. KG two years later.
  • In 2014, KUKA acquired Alema Automation SAS, a provider of automation solutions for the aerospace industry based in Bordeaux, France. The company has special application technology in the field of automatic drilling and riveting of aircraft components.
  • In 2014, KUKA AG (KUKA Joint-Stock Company) and Swisslog Holding AG (Swisslog Holding Company) merged. Through Swisslog, KUKA has entered particularly attractive and growing markets, such as warehousing logistics and healthcare industries.
  • On July 4, 2016, Midea acquired a 25.1% stake in KUKA from German industrial group Voith for 1.2 billion euros (about 10.14 billion Hong Kong dollars) .
  • On October 13, 2016, the European Commission approved Midea Group’s acquisition of KUKA in accordance with the EU Merger Regulations, holding 94.55% of its shares.
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