Semiconductor & graphics company: NVIDIA Corporation (NVDA) (1993)

NVIDIA Corporation (NASDAQ:NVDA) was founded in January 1993 and is headquartered in Santa Clara, California, with 13,775 full-time employees. It is a semiconductor company that designs graphics processors.



NVIDIA is a Fabless IC semiconductor design company , mainly designing graphics processors, while designing the core of game consoles, such as Microsoft Xbox and PlayStation 3. NVIDIA’s most famous product lines are the GeForce series designed for individuals and gamers, the Quadro series designed for professional workstations, and the Tesla series designed for servers and efficient computing.

NVIDIA was founded in California in 1993 by Chris Malakowski, Huang Renxun and Katis Primm, and was listed on the Nasdaq in January 1999 . In May 1999, Nvidia sold its 10 millionth graphics processor.

In 2000, Nvidia acquired the intellectual property rights of a generation of kings 3dfx, which was the largest graphics processor manufacturer in the mid-1990s. NVIDIA has established close relationships with many OEMs and some organizations.

In February 2002, NVIDIA sold its 100 millionth graphics processor.

In September 2020, Nvidia announced that it would acquire the British company Amou from SoftBank for US$40 billion . If this happens, it will be the largest acquisition in the semiconductor industry.

Currently, NVIDIA and AMD supply most of the discrete graphics cards on the market. NVIDIA’s most famous GeForce graphics processor product line debuted in 1999. Now the GeForce product line has expanded to desktop and notebook computers. In terms of mobile devices, NVIDIA has the Tegra product line. It can provide high performance while maintaining low power consumption. Such products are usually used in wireless communication equipment.

Nvidia designs, develops, and sells award-winning 3D graphics processors, graphics processing units and related software, ranging from professional workstations to low-value computers. These products allow desktop computer users (whether professional workstations or personal computers) to set Determine performance, quality, and characteristics. Its 3D graphics processor is widely used in games, Internet and industrial design.

NVIDIA (NVDA) product:

In December 2004, NVIDIA announced that it would assist Sony in designing the PS3 graphics processor (RSX). NVIDIA will only be responsible for the design, and Sony will be responsible for manufacturing the graphics processor.

On February 11, 2008, NVIDIA released the APX 2500 application processor for mobile phone platforms.

NVIDIA released an NVIDIA ION mobile platform supporting Intel Atom processor in December 2008.

On January 5, 2011, NVIDIA announced that it would design and develop its own desktop CPU based on the ARM architecture, with the product codename Project Denver (Denver Project). Its processor can support Microsoft’s next-generation desktop system Windows 8, as well as Google Android and Apple iOS on mobile platforms .

Graphics processor

  • NV1-nVIDIA’s first product is based on a quadric surface.
  • NV2-nVIDIA’s second product.
  • RIVA 128-based on NV3, supports DirectX 5 and OpenGL 1, NVIDIA’s first product to support DirectX.
  • RIVA TNT-based on NV4, supports DirectX 6 and OpenGL 1.1.
  • RIVA TNT2-based on NV5, supports DirectX 6 and OpenGL 1.1. Has a 128-bit 3D architecture.
  • Vanta-based on NV6, supports DirectX 6 and OpenGL 1.1.
  • GeForce-personal desktop graphics processing:
    • GeForce 256-codenamed NV10, supports DirectX 7, OpenGL 1.2, hardware conversion and projection (T&L), and can use DDR as display memory.
    • GeForce 2-codenamed NV1x, supports DirectX 7, OpenGL 1.2.
    • GeForce 3-codenamed NV20, supports DirectX 8.0 rendering, OpenGL 1.3, memory bandwidth saving technology.
    • GeForce 4-codenamed NV2x, supports DirectX 8.1, OpenGL 1.4.
    • GeForce 5-codenamed NV3x, supports DirectX 9.0B, OpenGL 1.5.
    • GeForce 6-codenamed NV4x, supports DirectX 9.0C, OpenGL 2.0.
    • GeForce 7-codenamed G7x, supports DirectX 9.0C,’Windows Display Driver Model’, OpenGL 2.0.
    • GeForce 8-code-named G8x, supports DirectX 10, OpenGL 3.3, and uses a unified pipeline structure.
    • GeForce 9-codenamed G9x, supports DirectX 10, OpenGL 3.3.
    • GeForce 100-the codename is also G9x, supports DirectX 10, OpenGL 3.2, both are renamed products of the GeForce 9 series.
    • GeForce 200-code-named G2xx, supports DirectX 10, OpenGL 3.2, some later models support DirectX 10.1 and support GDDR5 display memory, the computing performance is twice that of the previous generation, and its first advanced graphics card-GTX 280 beats GeForce 9800GX2 with a single GPU Dual GPU.
    • GeForce 300-code-named G21x, supports DirectX 10.1, OpenGL 3.2.
    • GeForce 400-codenamed GF10x, supports DirectX 11, OpenGL 4.1, OpenCL 1.1.
    • GeForce 500-codenamed GF11x, supports DirectX 11, OpenGL4.1, OpenCL 1.1.
    • GeForce 600-code-named GK10x, supports DirectX 11, OpenGL4.2, OpenCL 1.1.
    • GeForce 700-GK10x except the flagship models GTX 780 and GTX 780Ti.
    • Titan, Titan Black Edition, Titan Z-codenamed GK110, supports DirectX 11.1, Shader Model 5.0, OpenGL 4.3 and Open CL 1.2.
    • GeForce 900-code-named GM204, is the first advanced graphics card to use Maxwell . Two flagship and sub-flagship models, GTX 980 and GTX 970, and the GTX 960, which is biased towards the mid-range, are now introduced.
    • Titan X-is the first ultra-flagship graphics card using Maxwell.
  • Quadro-professional graphics processor.
    • Quadro-based on GeForce 256, professional graphics processor.
    • Quadro 2-Based on GeForce 2, Quadro improved professional graphics processor.
    • Quadro DCC-based on GeForce 3, digital content creation.
    • Quadro 4-Based on GeForce 4, a professional graphics processor.
    • Quadro FX-professional graphics processor for desktop and mobile workstations.
    • Quadro CX- an accelerator designed specifically for Adobe Creative Suite .
    • Quadro NVS-Professional-level commercial graphics graphics processor, and then independently divided into NVS series.
    • Quadro Plex-Professional graphics processor for the most complex and heavy graphics and computing problems.
    • Tesla-server high-performance computing processor.


  • Tegra-system single-chip product, processor based on ARM architecture, including graphics processor, sound processor, north bridge chip, south bridge chip and memory controller.


  • ION-portable computer platform, including chipset and integrated graphics processor
  • nForce-originally only supports AMD platform. After obtaining Intel ‘s authorization, it can also support Intel platform starting from nForce4.
    • nForce IGP (AMD Athlon/Duron K7 product line)
    • nForce2 (AMD Athlon/Duron K7 product line, the north bridge is called SPP (system platform processor) or IGP (Integrated Graphics Platform), the latter integrates a graphics chip. The south bridge is called MCP (Media and Communications Processor), which supports SoundStorm sound)
    • nForce3 (AMD Athlon 64/Athlon 64 FX/AMD Opteron, a single-chip chipset integrated in the north and south bridges, called MCP)
    • nForce4 (4X, Base, Ultra and SLi, support PCI Express, AMD Athlon 64 processor. SLI version supports SLI technology)
    • nForce 500 (AMD Athlon 64 FX/Athlon 64 X2/Athlon 64/Sempron or Intel Core 2 Extreme/Core 2 Duo/Pentium D/Pentium 4/Celeron D)
    • nForce 600
    • nForce 700
    • nForce 800
  • nForce Professional-Professional chipset for workstations and servers equipped with AMD processors.
    • nForce Professional 2000
    • nForce Professional 3000
  • Xbox is based on NV20 display core design, using Intel Pentium III/Celeron as the platform
  • PlayStation 3 (RSX’Reality Synthesizer’) is based on the G70 display core design
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