The world’s largest CDN service provider: Akamai Technologies (AKAM) (1998)

Akamai Technologies, Inc. (NASDAQ:AKAM) was founded in 1998 and is headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with 7,951 full-time employees. It is a company that provides cloud services in the United States and globally via the Internet for delivery, optimization and protection The content and business application company is the world’s largest CDN service provider (recently it may be surpassed by Coudflare ).


Akamai Technologies (AKAM):

Akamai Technologies is an American content delivery network (CDN) and cloud service provider headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Akamai’s content distribution network is one of the largest distributed computing platforms in the world, currently providing 15% to 30% of all network traffic. Akamai Technologies operates a server network around the world, and by distributing content from the location (server) closest to the end user, thereby increasing the user’s access speed, Akamai Technologies leases the capacity of these servers to the hope that the website will run faster Website operator customers. When a user visits an Akamai customer’s domain/link, their browser will be redirected to Akamai’s fastest copy of the website.

Akamai operates a global fiber optic network to help content publishers avoid transferring files on busy public networks, and instead send content directly to end users at the nearest base station through the dedicated fiber optic network they provide (this is also cloud computing An important concept of this, such as: your website is set up in the United States, you have a CDN acceleration for the website, when Japanese visitors visit the website, the system will directly call the Japanese data, so the data transmission distance is much shorter. Customers will feel much faster). There are similar companies in China, such as CCIH, which is listed on NASDAQ , and Wangsu Technology, which is listed on the A-share GEM.

Akamai invented the CDN technology in 1998 and successfully listed the company on NASDAQ in 1999. At present, Akamai is on more than 2500 nodes of more than 1,000 operators in more than 1,000 cities in more than 100 countries around the world. More than 150,000 servers are deployed (meaning that 90% of Internet users in the world can find an Akamai server within one hop). With a large number of servers, the AKAM network distribution capacity can reach 21Tbps at the peak. The general attacks are small cases in front of him.

In addition to speeding up the visitor’s access speed and improving the experience of using CDN services, another advantage is that it can resist DDoS attacks. Just like the continuous denial of service (DDoS) attack launched by Baidu on GitHub from March 26 to 29, 2015. Although the traffic is very fierce, it did not pose a big threat to GitHub in the end. During the attack, it helped GitHub to defend against it. Baidu (unproven or hacker) is the CDN service provider-Akamai. Therefore, CDN service is basically one of the indispensable weapons for any company website to resist attacks in the Internet era.

At present, Acme Technology is the world’s largest CDN (Content Delivery Network, content distribution system) service provider, far ahead of the world’s second-ranked Limelight (it was surpassed very early, and LLNW is currently far below the rising star in the market. Cloudflare and Fastly etc.).

Acme’s technology customers include: Adobe Systems , Airbnb , AMD ,, COS, ESPN, The Great Courses, Hewlett-Packard , Hilton Worldwide , IBM , JC Penney , MTV Networks, NASA, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences , NBC Sports, Pearson Education , Red Bull GmbH, Red Hat , Sony PlayStation and Yahoo! etc.

 Akamai technology:

  1. Akamai Intelligent Platform
  2. Content delivery process
  3. Peer-to-peer networking
  4. Network Operations Command Center
  5. State of the Internet
  6. Visualizing the Internet
  7. OPEN Initiative

 Akamai industry status:

  • Occupy more than 50% of the global CDN market;
  • More than 60% (300) of Fortune 500 companies in the world use Akamai’s CND service;
  • Akamai carries nearly one-third of the world’s Internet traffic.

 Akamai acquires:

  • On February 10, 2000, Akamai acquired Network24 Communications for US$203.6 million.
  • On April 20, 2000, Akamai acquired InterVU Inc. for $2.8 billion.
  • On July 25, 2000, Akamai acquired CallTheShots, Inc. for US$3.7 million.
  • On June 10, 2005, Akamai acquired Speedera Networks, Inc. for US$142.2 million.
  • On December 13, 2006, Akamai acquired Nine Systems, Inc. for $157.5 million.
  • On March 13, 2007, Akamai acquired Netli Inc. (Netli) for USD 154.4 million.
  • On April 12, 2007, Akamai acquired Red Swoosh Inc. for US$18.7 million.
  • On November 3, 2008, Akamai acquired aCerno Inc. for USD 9.08 million.
  • On 67 10, 2010, Akamai acquired Velocitude LLC for USD 12 million.
  • On February 7, 2012, Akamai acquired Blaze Software, Inc. for $19.3 million.
  • On March 6, 2012, Akamai acquired Cotendo, Inc. for US$278.9 million.
  • On September 3, 2012, Akamai acquired FastSoft, Inc. for USD 14.4 million.
  • On December 4, 2012, Akamai acquired Verivue, Inc. for US$30.9 million.
  • On November 8, 2013, Akamai was acquired by Velocius Networks for USD 4.3 million.
  • In February 2014, Akamai acquired Prolexic Technologies, a network security provider, for US$390 million.
  • In February 2015, Akamai acquired Xerocole Inc., a domain technology company.
  • On April 6, 2015, Akamai acquired Octoshape, a cloud OTT IPTV service provider. The transaction amount was not disclosed.
  • On November 2, 2015, Akamai acquired Secure Web Gateway (SWG) provider Bloxx, and the transaction amount was not disclosed.
  • On September 28, 2016, Akamai acquired Concord Systems, a provider of large-scale high-performance data processing technology. The transaction amount was not disclosed.
  • On October 4, 2016, Akamai acquired Soha Systems, the transaction amount was not disclosed.
  • On December 19, 2016, Akamai acquired Cyberfend, a provider of robots (web spiders) and automated detection solutions. The transaction amount was not disclosed.
  • On March 29, 2017, Akamai acquired SOASTA, a digital performance management company located in Mountain View, California. The transaction amount was not disclosed.
  • On October 11, 2017, Akamai acquired Nominum, which is a carrier-grade DNS and DHCP provider and one of the main participants in the creation of a modern DNS system. The transaction amount was not disclosed.
  • On January 7, 2019, Akamai announced the acquisition of a major CIAM provider- Janrain .

Akamai History:

In 1995, a challenge initiated by MIT professor and internet inventor Tim Berners-Lee created Akamai. The father of the World Wide Web foresaw the problem of network congestion that Internet users have become accustomed to today. So he challenged his colleagues to invent a completely new method of distributing Internet content. He may not have thought that raising such an academic problem will eventually give birth to a new service that will revolutionize the Internet.

In the office next door to Dr. Berners-Lee is Tom Leighton, a professor of applied mathematics at MIT. He was piqued by Berners-Lee’s challenge. Tom Leighton is a well-known professor of parallel algorithms and architecture. He has been the leader of the MIT Computer Science Laboratory Algorithm Group since 1996. Dr. Leighton recognized that applied mathematics and algorithms can be used to solve the problem of network congestion. So he asked graduate student Danny Lewin and several other top researchers to solve this problem with him.

Several other computer science and data networking scientists also joined Dr. Leighton and Lewin’s team. They developed mathematical algorithms to deal with the dynamic routing of content, and finally solved the problem that plagued Internet users. Later, Jonathan Seelig, an MBA student from the Sloan School of Management, joined Leighton’s team. Since then, they have implemented their own business plans and finally established Akamai.

These world-class scientists have developed a set of breakthrough algorithms for use in Intelligently arrange routing and copy content in a large network composed of network servers, and do not need to rely on the central server used by site owners today.

In 1998, the R&D team participated in the famous annual MIT $50K Entrepreneurship Competition and became the top six of the 100 competition teams. The success of Akamai shows that the Internet content distribution business has a huge market prospect. Akamai was authorized to use MIT’s intellectual resources and began operations in September 1998.

From the end of 1998 to the beginning of 1999, a team of experts with rich experience in Internet business operations joined the founding team. The most noteworthy are Paul Sagan and George Conrades. Paul Sagan is the former President of Time Inc. New Media and one of the founders of Road Runner, which provides cable modulation services. He helped create NY 1 News. Paul Sagan became Akamai’s COO and eventually assumed the position of president of Akamai Technologies. George Conrades is the former CEO and Chairman of BBN and the Vice President of IBM’s US Operations Center. A few months later, he became the CEO of Akamai Technologies.

In 2005, Paul Sagan was appointed CEO of Akamai. Sagan is committed to distinguishing Akamai from its competitors by expanding the company’s range of services. Under his leadership, the company’s revenue grew to $1.37 billion. Sagan served as CEO until the co-founder and current CEO Tom Leighton was elected to the position in 2013.

Akamai’s headquarters are located in Kendall Square. They started from the Tech Plaza and expanded to multiple buildings in the center of Cambridge. They will integrate their offices in a dedicated building at 145 Broadway Street in late 2019 or early 2020.

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